“Off-the-record” may be the single most misunderstood journalism term you will ever encounter.
Journalists don’t really understand off-the-record either – or more precisely, they can’t agree on what it means. If you speak to ten different journalists, you will probably hear ten different definitions.
They don’t agree on the meanings of “not for attribution” or “on background” either. In fact, one survey found that even journalists working for the same news organization have widely divergent views of what those commonly-used terms actually mean.
Even websites about journalism – such as those hosted by The Poynter Institute, the Society of Professional Journalists, and the American Journalism Review – offer little information on what the terms mean.
You probably shouldn’t be speaking off-the-record anyway. Although most reporters keep their word, some break their agreements with sources. Even well-intentioned reporters can get overruled by their editors. And courts don’t recognize agreements between a reporter and a source as a sacred trust – judges can force journalists to disclose their sources under threat of imprisonment.
If you choose to proceed with an off-the-record interview anyway, you should keep the following four tips in mind:
- 1. Consult with a communications professional – either in your own company, organization, or agency – or with an external firm, preferably one with crisis communications capabilities. You may be unaware of the landmines that exist in your specific case.
- 2. Consider your relationship with the reporter. Journalists you know well and who have treated you fairly for several years are generally safer risks than reporters you are working with for the first time.
- 3. Ask the reporter to define exactly what off-the-record means to him or her, preferably in writing.
- 4. Make any agreements with a reporter in advance of the interview. You can’t say something interesting and then suddenly declare it off the record.
Remember: Regardless of any agreement you make, you may still be identified by name as the source. Therefore, the most prudent advice is to remain on-the-record at all times. Even if your name isn’t used, the words a reporter uses to describe your position may make your identity perfectly clear.
Unless you’re fully prepared to take that risk, don’t ever speak off-the-record.
Have you or a client ever spoken off-the-record? How did it go? Please leave a comment.
Related: If You Go Off The Record, Don’t Die.